The color of our skin comes from the skin cells present inside called melanocytes. These secrete a hormone called melanin which is responsible for the dark color of our skin. However, sometimes these cells form clusters or groups which can lead to uneven skin tone, age spots appearing on areas of the body such as hands, face, etc, and also appear in the form of freckles which leads to hyperpigmentation. However there are many treatment options available for hyperpigmentation treatment, here our expert dermatologist will discuss some cosmetic treatments you can consider for your treatment.
Chemical peels are usually a mixture of acids at higher concentration levels. They are broadly categorized according to the depth they penetrate into the skin i.e. superficial peels, medium-depth peels, and deep peels. The chemical peels used by a dermatologist are medium to deep peels as only they have the expertise to administer and handle professional-level products. Chemical peels work by removing the excess melanin on your skin and can be useful in age spots, melasma, freckles, etc.
- Intense pulsed light
Intense pulsed light therapy uses visible light of a specific wavelength that has been filtered so as to achieve a specific treatment. In the case of melasma or hyperpigmentation, the light which is emitted from the device gets absorbed by the melanin cells and they get destroyed thus getting rid of hyperpigmentation. The treatment also provides no scarring with minimal recovery time along with multiple skin problems treated at the same time by just changing the filter inside the probe.
Lasers are also an effective way for treating hyperpigmentation. Examples of lasers include Pico laser or Q switched to laser or charcoal laser. The energy of the laser light breaks down the pigmentation cells thus helping reduce melasma; dark spots etc in short bursts or in specific timed intervals. In the case of charcoal laser treatment, the charcoal absorbs the dirt, impurities, and melanin cells which are then broken apart when laser light impacts them.
There are some acids that help in exfoliating your skin cells and also thus removing excess melanin from your skin. These are most commonly used in facial hyperpigmentation treatment but can also be used on other parts of the body. Examples of acids include kojic acid, azelaic acid, salicylic acid, ascorbic acid(Vitamin C), etc. These are commonly available in the form of creams, lotions, serums, etc in the market.
Retinoids are compounds derived from vitamin A. These are smaller in particle size and can also hence penetrate to a respectable depth and treat hyperpigmentation. They have anti-inflammatory properties and also can promote the shedding of dead skin cells thus allowing new skin cells to show up, thus making skin more lustrous and smoother while also dealing with uneven skin tone and other skin pigmentation problems.