Do you feel that-
Acne can be extremely distressing at any age. From a few pimples here and there to extreme cystic acne, hormonal acne, or adult acne, it can cause you to avoid mirrors or hide your face whenever possible. It not only affects you physically but takes a huge toll on your mental and emotional health.
If you are looking to get your confidence and self-esteem back, Allure Medspa is the right place for it. We provide all sorts of solutions that are best for acne treatment and acne scars lightening, ranging from oral medications, topical treatments, peels to laser therapy, all under one roof.
Acne is a skin disease that happens when oil and dead skin cells clog the hair follicles. It induces pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads. Teenagers are the most affected by acne, but it affects people of all ages. While there are effective acne remedies available, acne can be troublesome. The pimples and bumps take a long time to heal, and once one begins to fade away, other acnes seem to appear more.
Acne can cause emotional distress as well as skin scarring, depending on the severity. The sooner you begin therapy, the better your chances of developing such issues.
Concern: Blackheads, Whiteheads, Pus Filled Acne and Marks
Treatment: Topical Peels, Acnelight Laser and Medications
Concern: Adult Onset Acne (Multiple Pustular Acne)
Treatment: Glycolic and Salicylic Peels with Oral Medications
Concern: Grade 2 Acne with Post Acne Marks
Treatment: Acne Laser and Peels
Concern: Acne Grade 2 with Scars
Treatment: Peels with Laser Treatment for Scars (CO2fraxel laser with PRP)
When the hair follicles become clogged with bacteria and oil and get inflamed or infected, pimples appear as raised red spots with a white core. Blockages and inflammation deep inside the hair follicles cause cyst-like lumps to form underneath the skin’s surface. Other pores in your skin, such as sweat gland openings, are normally unaffected by acne.
There are myths associated with the effect of these factors on acne formation, which in reality have little effect on acne:
Certain areas of the face may be more prone to acne breakouts for various reasons.
The use of some hair products can cause acne around the hairline and temples, known as forehead acne. Oily or waxy hair products can clog pores as they spread to the nearby skin of the face. This can happen to both men and women of any skin color.
Preventing oily hair products from coming into contact with the face is particularly necessary.
Breakouts can occur more frequently in these areas than in other parts of the face due to increased oil production.
Breakouts on the cheeks can occur as a result of acne mechanica, which develops due to friction or rubbing of the skin.
Scientists have tended to link acne around the jawline to fluctuations in hormones.
Acne can lead to complications, or it may be of special concern in certain populations.
Angry red bumps, open red sores, bruises, crusts, and scabs are caused by squeezing or scratching at the skin to the point of wounding. This can grow into a nodule or cyst.
The medical term for dark, discolored spots left behind after an acne blemish has healed is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It’s a very common issue, and almost anyone who has acne will get these marks at some point. These blemishes will last for months. Many people believe that having these residual spots is worse than having acne.
Depressed or pitted scarring, also known as ice pick scars, are common side effects of inflamed acne breakouts (long, narrow impressions in the skin). Acne scars can also cause hypertrophic, or elevated, scars in certain people.
Acne is diagnosed by your doctor by a clear visual examination. Acne does not have a test. To rule out other sources of infection, a doctor can take a swab or scraping of a lesion or pustule for microbiological examination or culture. Hormone blood tests for women can be ordered to screen for problems like pregnancy, high prolactin, Cushing syndrome, and high testosterone.
While the causes and treatments for certain skin disorders are similar to acne, they are not the same. If you have any doubts, you can always consult a dermatologist. During the examination, they will talk about these possibilities and rule them out one by one.
Rosacea is sometimes mistakenly referred to as “adult acne,” but it is caused by a different mechanism than acne in adults.
Folliculitis is a condition in which the hair follicle is inflamed and bumps or pustules may result. It is usually caused by bacteria and is treated with topical or oral antibiotics.
Keratosis pilaris is a rash marked by small, rough, “goose-flesh” like bumps most often found on the upper arms, thighs, and buttocks, and sometimes the face.
Miliaria Rubra is a rash characterized by small red bumps on the surface of the skin and is caused by excessive heat exposure.
Some targeted therapy drugs for cancer, cause a rash that closely resembles acne.
The cause of acne can be different in men and women, so acne treatment for men and acne treatment for women can differ according to that. Your dermatologist will discuss this with you in detail during consultation. Although there are still many options that works for anyone:
Here are some skin care habits that dermatologists recommend to help you get the best results from your acne treatment:
It’s important to apply sunscreen to scars every day. Scars may darken or become more apparent as a result of exposure to the sun.
Some essential oils like tea tree oils have been used for ages for treating acne at home. It has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties which help in controlling the bacterial growth and reduces the swelling for fast healing.
Its antibacterial property helps fight the bacterial growth and the acid in it keeps the skin healthy. It also suppresses inflammation thus preventing the chance of scarring.
Green tea is rich in antioxidants and helps in the faster healing of acne. Apply green tea soaked cotton over the skin and let it dry.
The relation between stress and wound healing is very strong. Stress slows the healing process and also increases the chance of scarring in the future.
Some dietary changes, such as switching to low-glycaemic index carbohydrates or reducing dairy, can benefit some people with acne. High glycaemic diet results in high blood sugar which causes inflammation and increases oil production by skin cells. Thus, following a low-glycemic diet may reduce acne because this diet eliminates spikes in your blood sugar.
Studies have shown that people consuming milk are 44% more likely to have an acne breakout than others. Although no evidence was there for yogurt and cheese.
Some of the suggested improvements are in line with general dietary recommendations for good health, such as consuming more whole grains instead of sugar and refined carbohydrates.
Although your diet may play a role in triggering or exacerbating your acne, keeping your skin clear necessitates more than a change in your eating habits. New breakouts can be avoided by using acne-friendly skin care and acne medicine.
These common active ingredients can help in reducing acne flare-ups:
Benzoyl peroxide: This ingredient destroys acne-causing bacteria, aids in the removal of excess oil from the skin, and eliminates dead skin cells that can clog pores. When using benzoyl peroxide, be cautious because it has bleaching properties also, hence it is important to know how much benzoyl oxide is needed for you. A consultation from a dermatologist is thus necessary before purchasing this medicine. Your doctor could also tell you if the chemical is suitable for your skin or not, and how to use it as well.
Calamine lotion: Calamine lotion has drying properties; hence it is commonly opted for treating acne. Its drying properties help in drying up the acne lesions hence clearing them out faster. Although care should be taken on the amount of calamine lotion used, as it can over dry the skin easily and could lead to unwanted damages. Consult a dermatologist before using for better results.
Tretinoin (vitamin-A): It’s especially useful for comedonal acne (clogged pores and blackheads). It makes the dead skin cells to fall off so they don’t stick together and clog your pore openings.
Clascoterone: is a newly approved topical treatment for moderate to severe acne which is considered an alternative to spironolactone. It blocks the hormones that are responsible for acne and keeps them from binding to skin cells, hence decreasing excess oil production and inflammation.
Adapalene: This medicine is a retinoid i.e. derived from vitamin A. It affects the way skin cells grow and helps prevent clogged pores.
Triclosan/triclocarban: An topical antibiotic cream that kills the bacteria clogging the pore.
Sulfur: removes dead skin cells that clog pores and helps remove excess oil but have an unpleasant odor.
Oral acne drugs function internally. These drugs are commonly used to treat extreme acne breakouts or cystic acne. They’re also used to treat less serious forms of acne when topical remedies aren’t working.
Two hormonal therapies that can effectively clear acne in women are:
These medications must be prescribed by a doctor.
If you start hormone therapy, you’ll need to see your dermatologist on a regular schedule. When you first start taking spironolactone, you’ll need to see your dermatologist every 4 to 6 weeks so that the dose can be progressively increased.
Oral contraceptive pills: Blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, acne nodules, and cysts have all been found to react well to the pill.
The pill is commonly thought to be healthy for females. Some women, on the other hand, should avoid it. If the pill is a safe and effective treatment choice for you, your dermatologist will tell you.
It usually takes 2-3 months for the pills to show some results.
Possible side effects include the following.
Spironolactone: It can successfully treat deep-seated, tender acne on the lower face, jawline, or neck when other options don’t work.
Because of its side effects, spironolactone is not recommended for treating acne in men. When taking this acne drug, men develop breasts.
For healthy women, spironolactone is considered effective. It reduces skin breakouts and oiliness in just a few weeks.
Possible side effects are:
These side effects can be lowered when taken with the pill.
Other possible side effects of taking spironolactone include fatigue, headache, and dizziness.
A word of caution:
When taking hormonal therapy for acne, it is important to:
These are treatments that are performed by a dermatologist to treat mild to severe acne, depending on the severity like:
These procedures aren’t supposed to be used as a stand-alone treatment for acne. Instead, think about using these as add-ons to supplement your current acne treatment.
While you and your dermatologist agree on which treatment is the best choice for you, your dermatologist will devise a treatment plan tailor made for you. Your dermatologist will consider a variety of factors when developing this plan, including scar forms and where the scars appear on your body. If you’ve used isotretinoin to treat acne, let your dermatologist know before starting treatment for acne scars.
To obtain the best results, your dermatologist may recommend more than one treatment.
Acne scars are the product of skin pores clogged with excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria, resulting in inflamed blemishes. The pore swells, creating a split in the follicle wall. The majority of shallow lesions are mild and heal easily. When there is a big spilt, infected material may spill out into surrounding tissue, causing deeper lesions. By forming new collagen fibers, the skin attempts to heal these lesions. These fixes aren’t always as smooth and perfect as the original skin.
Why treat acne scarring?
Physical, emotional, and social reasons for treating acne scars include:
Your skin is what you eat. A well balanced diet with some special nutrients goes a long way in lightening acne scars. These life-hacks might be your new favorite thing for acne scar treatment at home:
To obtain the best results, your dermatologist may recommend more than one treatment as it may be necessary to give you the results you want.
The treatments that a dermatologist may use to treat acne scars include the following.
Acne scar surgery is performed by dermatologists to treat very visible acne scars and to reduce raised acne scars. The goal is to make the scar less visible. Over time, the scar should disappear. During this operation, you will be awake and numb, so you will not feel anything.
A dermatologist will raise the scar to perform acne scar surgery. The closer a scar is to the skin’s surface, the less visible it becomes. Breaking up scar tissue is another form of acne scar surgery.
Dermatologists often treat raised scars with corticosteroids, 5-FU, or interferon injections after surgery. Acne scar surgery combined with these injections is now one of the most common therapies for raised scars. For a few months, most patients undergo injections once a month.
Radiation has been shown in studies to help prevent raised scars from reappearing after acne scar surgery. Some physicians do not recommend radiation therapy because it has the ability to cause complications years or decades later.
Resurfacing exfoliates dead unhealthy layers of skin, which allows the skin to produce new skin cells.
Lasers and other light treatments can treat raised scars safely and effectively. Studies have shown that treating an acne scar with a pulsed dye laser (PDL) can significantly help reduce the itch and pain, diminish color, and flatten a raised scar. For people with light skin complexion, intense pulsed light (IPL) also may be a treatment option as it increases blood supply that promotes collagen production.
In the market, many types of lasers are used to treat skin problems. The wavelength, laser light, and amount of laser absorption in the skin help doctors decide the clinical applications of these devices.
Dermabrasion consists of manual removal of epidermis and upper dermis using hydrogen peroxide and sandpaper or using rotating motorized hand piece, diamond-embedded fraises, and wire brush. Removal of superficial skin layers results in a smoother wound healing process and new collagen forming, all of which ultimately leads to the lightening of acne scars.
Micro needling is a method that involves using thin sterile needles to create hundreds of very thin holes on the skin by using the micro pen machine (Dermaroller). As the skin heals, it allows the cells to produce more collagen and elastin, thus regenerating the skin.
You will need to follow a skin care plan while undergoing treatment.
Microdermabrasion is a painless procedure that helps in reducing the appearance of acne scars. This procedure targets the upper layer of skin (epidermis), and works by stimulating the skin to tighten collagen and elastin fibers.
Chemical peeling is the most common cosmetic procedure in scar treatment and has been performed for years. In this procedure, certain chemical agents are used that do control destructions of the epidermis and dermis and promote wound healing which results in smoother skin.
These chemical agent includes:
The mild acid exfoliates the outer layer of the skin thus removing the dead skin cells, to help remove discoloration and rough skin.
Lactic acid peels performed by a dermatologist once every two weeks for three months enhanced the skin’s texture, appearance, and pigmentation while also lightening acne scars.
Retinoids can help minimize discoloration and make scars less visible and speed up cell regeneration and enhance skin texture. When using something that includes retinoids, make sure to use sunscreen every day.
When applied topically, salicylic acid cleans pores, decreases swelling and redness, and exfoliates the skin. It’s regarded as one of the most successful acne scar remedies.
Acne scars that are nearly flat react well to resurfacing. Deep acne scars cannot be easily treated even with Dermabrasion, which eliminates the top layers of skin as well as some of the middle layers.
Fat grafting was developed in recent years after widespread use of liposuction. The method entails removing fat through liposuction under low pressure, processing the fat, and then placing it on the treated area. Autologous fat grafting appears to be a promising and successful scar treatment option. In general, we can claim that treated areas revert to natural skin-like characteristics that are clinically noticeable, resulting in both cosmetic and functional benefits.
Using nano fat for treating acne scars has its own advantages.
It is a simple, safe, up-to-date method in which a standard device with special needles called the needlepoint is used. This increases the collagen and fibre
production by skin cells thus lightening the acne scar.
Mesotherapy is one of the rejuvenation techniques that inject hormones, vitamins, and plant extracts into the skin to help regenerate and tighten the skin as well as remove fat.
Carboxy therapy is a medical treatment that involves the use of carbon dioxide for medicinal purposes. An indication of oxygen deficiency is sent during the treatment when medical sterile carbon dioxide gas is administered to the skin, and the organism replaces carbon dioxide with oxygen within minutes.
Many studies have explored the effectiveness of using a mixture of treatments to treat acne scars. When PRP combined with ablative fractional CO2 laser was used for acne scars treatment it was found that the combination was highly successful than using them separately, in treating acne scars rather and furthermore improves subjective patient satisfaction.
Research also shows how adding PRP to the micro-needling resulted in better results and high patient satisfaction.
Your dermatologist should have an extensive training and knowledge to know which combination will give you the most promising results.
Fillers are used by dermatologists to safely and efficiently plump depressed acne scars. A dermatologist can use collagen, the patient’s own fat, or another substance to fill acne scars. Many fillers produce temporary effects that last anywhere from 6 to 18 months while some fillers could have a permanent impact also.
Both temporary and permanent fillers have unique pros and cons. Your dermatologist will discuss about them in detail in the consultation.
Several cosmetic fillers have been developed for the treatment of acne scars by swelling of tissue in these scars and stimulating collagen production.
Dermatologists also use radiofrequency technology to tighten the skin. Radiofrequency is used in this technique to heat the skin layers, causing skin contraction and the formation of collagen. Depressed acne marks become less visible as the skin tightens.
Radiofrequency treatment requires multiple visits and some at-home care. Apply sunscreen every morning and a moisturizing cream at night for at least one week after each treatment.
This procedure includes heating the tissue with electric probes, which causes the tissue to die. This procedure can be used as part of a treatment plan since it is ineffective as a stand-alone treatment for acne scars.
This procedure includes getting medicines directly injected into the scars. This will in turn soften and flatten raised, thick scars.
Many patients receive injections of corticosteroids. Other drugs that can be used are fluorouracil (5-FU) and interferon in treating raised acne scars. Often a combination of these drugs works the best. For optimum results, multiple visits are required.
If the scar does not respond (or stops responding) after you receive the 4th injection, acne scar surgery may be recommended.
This procedure freezes the scar tissue, causing it to die and fall off over time. A series of cryotherapy sessions and corticosteroid injections are often used to boost the outcomes. The key disadvantage is that cryotherapy will result in the formation of permanent light spots on the treated skin.
However, cryosurgery is not recommended for people of color.
These products, which are often available without a prescription, can be used at home to treat scars. They can help with itchiness and pain and shrinking, flattening, and fading of raised scars.
Silicone dressings and bandages are particularly beneficial since silicone hydrates the skin. This can help to relieve itching and pain while also making the skin more flexible.
To be effective, these products must be used continuously.
Acne scars can be reduced in size and visibility with most procedures. Many of the treated acne scars disappear with time, becoming almost unnoticeable.
Your results depend almost entirely on the knowledge and skill of the doctor performing the treatment. Choosing a board-certified dermatologist ensures you an optimum outcome.
To maximize acne scar care, there are no detailed recommendations available. There are a variety of medical and surgical treatment options available, and laser devices can help achieve realistic results. More study is required, to measure the benefits and determine the length of the results, as well as the cost-effectiveness of various treatments.
A dermatologist can examine your skin for acne and recommend appropriate treatments. That one visit could make a significant difference in your quality of life for years to come.
If you and your dermatologist agree that the procedure is the best choice for you, your dermatologist will devise a tailor made treatment plan exclusively for you. Your dermatologist will consider a variety of factors when developing this plan, including scar forms and where the scars appear on your body. If you have taken isotretinoin to treat acne, be sure to tell your dermatologist before treatment for acne scars begins.
If you are wondering which treatment works best for your acne, a dermatologist can assist you in making that decision as their in-depth medical knowledge could help in determining which procedure would give promising results. With all procedures, side effects are possible. In the skilled hands of a board-certified dermatologist, side effects tend to be minor and temporary.
Dr. Shweta is one of the most renowned names in cosmetic treatment in Andheri West, Mumbai serving thousands & thousands of patients happily, including Bollywood celebrities and many patients from out of the country. Treating acne and acne scarring requires deep medical knowledge and years of experience as these lesions look similar to lots of other conditions. Dr. Shewta’s credentials are your best option for getting a correct diagnosis followed by a customized treatment plan.
As you have read, there are lots of options for the treatment of acne and acne scarring. Different faces need different sets of options and only a well-seasoned doctor could identify what set of treatments could work for you. She has expertise in solving the issue of skin, especially the acne problem and scar problem, that needs cosmetic attention. She has extensive experience and expertise in performing cosmetic procedures like laser therapy, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, CO2 laser, and many more with delivering optimum results with 110% patient satisfaction every single time.
We at Allure Medspa in India, have world-class facilities in place to cater to your every need when it comes to cosmetic treatment. Here we have dedicated to the best results. If you have decided upon undergoing stretch mark treatment, here we have a wide range of procedures including surgical treatments for stretch marks under one roof to cater to all your needs.
To learn more about stretch marks treatment and find out if it’s right for you, call our clinic:
Allure Medspa in Andheri West, Mumbai, to schedule a consultation with Dr. Shweta.
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Q: How do I remove acne?
A: Having a good basic skin regimen is effective. Over the counter products also helps in some cases. Consult a dermatologist if the problem still persists.
Q: What is the difference between acne and pimples?
A: The difference between acne and pimples is that acne is a disease and pimples are one of its symptoms.
Q: How to get rid of acne fast?
A: Stay away from your face and cut sugars and dairy from your diet. Use sunscreen and a gentle cleanser to clean your face. Consult a doctor if still persists.
Q: How long does acne last?
A: Acne that is left untreated typically lasts 4-5 years before healing up on its own. This normally fades with time or reacts well to a benzoyl peroxide cream.
Q: Should I pop my acne?
A: No, popping a pimple will not solve the problem. Squeezing the skin will drive bacteria and pus deeper into the skin, causing swelling and redness. Squeezing can also cause permanent wounds.
Q: What Causes Acne?
A: Sebum and dead skin cells clog hair follicles, causing acne. Bacteria can cause acne to become more serious by causing inflammation and infection.
Q: Is Acne a sign of poor health?
A: Acne in some areas may signify underlying health issues. This is due to clogged pores or hormonal imbalances.
Q: Which foods cause acne?
A: Sugars and milk are commonly associated with acne flare ups as they are high glycaemic food thus promoting bacterial growth.
Q: What are the types of acne?
A: The 6 Types of Acne:
Q: How to get rid of acne scars?
A: There are many ways acne scars can be treated depending on their type and severity. Scar gels and creams are effective over mild scarring while others might need advanced procedures like peels, laser therapy, or fat injections done by a professional dermatologist.