Common acne occurs when the opening of hair follicles becomes blocked due to oil secretions and dead skin cells. When the clogged pores become infected with bacteria, inflammation occurs.
This is the most severe form of cystic acne that develops when both oil and dead skin cells build-up deep within hair follicles. It appears as a boil-like infection.
The sign & symptoms of Acne that may vary depending on the severity of the condition:
- Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
- Blackheads (open plugged pores)
- Small red, tender bumps (papules)
- Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
- Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
- Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions).
- Excess oil production
- Blockage of hair follicles by oil & dead skin cells
- Excess activity of Androgen hormone
Acne is typically appearing in those areas where sebaceous or oil glands are presented most, such as face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. And, hair follicles connected to the oil glands.
The appearance of whiteheads, blackheads, Brown heads& Pimples:
- When follicle wall bulges produce whiteheads.
- When plug may be open to the surface and darken results in blackheads.
- When the skin pore is conjected with bacteria and oil, causing a brown head due to air exposure.
- Pimples are raised red spots with white centers that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected with bacteria.
- A blockage that develops deep inside hair follicles produces cystlike lumps beneath the surface of your skin.
When to See a Doctor?
If homemade remedies or self-care remedies is not working anymore, it is the time to see your dermatologist. After evaluating the problem state your dermatologist will advise the right medical or cosmetic treatment to sort out the issue of severe or persistent acne.
Sudden onset of severe acne in the older adults is a telltale of an underlying disease requiring medical attention.
According to a report of the FDA (Food & Drug Administration), It has been seen that some popular nonprescription anti-acne lotions, creams, and cleanser causes a serious reaction. This type of reaction is quite so rare don’t confuse it with redness, itchiness, or irritation.
You need immediate medical help when experiencing the following after using the nonprescription acne products:
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling of the eyes, face, lips or tongue
- The tightness of the throat