AllureMedSpa > Hair Loss Treatment

Hair Fall & Hair Loss/Pattern Baldness: Causes, Prevention & the Treatment

  • Are you suffering from regular hair loss and finding a bunch of hair while shower, sleeping or combing?
  • Does hair fall exceed the 100 hairs per day?
  • Are you experiencing hair loss just from frontal & vertex areas of the scalp?
  • Are you disheartening with the issues of severe hair thinning?

Okay, if the aforesaid points are your concern it means you are a susceptible candidate for hair loss and needs treatment at very first hand. But, it is an important concern to know the status of loss in terms of fall or loss because there is a great difference in hair fall and hair loss.

In this write-up, you will get to know everything concerned with hair loss problem, types, causes, status, and the treatment with all the methods of surgical, non-surgical, medicinal as well as the therapy option.

Hair Fall

First of all, one must know hair fall is different from hair loss and anyone can experience the hair fall due to the changing environmental condition, the hair growth cycle of Telogen phase, stress or chronic illness, the side effect of any medication, weak diet plan, and altered lifestyle with poor nutrition. Thus, if someone experiencing the devastating state of falling hair more than 100 hairs in a day are termed as the hair fall.

One must know this fact losing of hair ranges from 50-100 hair strands daily is a common phenomenon as a part of the natural hair growth cycle and doesn’t contribute to the cause of concern. But, exceeding hair strands daily with more than this number needs medical attention.

This is your exceeding hair fall that provides an insightful clue about your overall health status, either it would be a thyroid problem, diabetes, and heart disease- much before a clinical examination.

Thus, it is an important decision to meet your dermatologist or hair loss doctor to get the consultation and know the exact cause of your hair loss or hair fall get the best suitable treatment according to your state of the problem, physiological as well as the anatomical status.

Hair Loss

Hair loss is a condition when a patient experiences the hair starting from the frontal areas of the scalp that exceeded till the crown as well as mid-crown areas of the scalp and make an M-patterned structure in men. This kind of hair loss is permanent in nature because the responsible factor is the gene and most men are affected by it due to the androgen sensitivity. It doesn’t mean females are not affected as they, but with a minimal extent. The male pattern baldness occurs on men has 7 categories rated on the Norwood scale, whereas women experience the female pattern baldness measured on the Ludwig scale.

Hair loss affects one’s scalp or body wherever hair growth is experienced that can be the result of Androgen sensitivity, especially by the DHT or Di-hydro testosterone and more common in men. This is called genetic or hereditary baldness, which scientifically termed as the Androgenic alopecia. The only permanent solution to combat genetic hair loss is hair transplantation, but other methods like PRP therapy or Mesotherapy can also be opted for controlling further hair loss.

Do you want to bless with healthy and strong hair? What if you are affected by the hair loss/fall problem and someone asks you the same question? A majority of masses would try to find the solution and opted for the alternative method to control hair loss and ask spontaneously “how can we overcome the issue of hair loss?” Many of us opted for many of the options to support hair growth viz. pricey oil, shampoo, visiting salon or spa, or busy with vitamin supplements topically or orally. But, very few of us are aware of the diet plan or they have a careless attitude towards taking the nutrient-rich diet. Might be a lack of knowledge or time they get unable to follow a maintained lifestyle, but it has a pivotal role in boosting hair growth or controlling hair loss to a very extent.

A quick-listing of top 5 nutrient-rich choices that can prevent hair loss are as follows:

  1. Protein: Protein is an important building block for your hair supports hair strength by forming keratin in hair. It is Biotin that helps to improve the strength and resiliency of the cortex to defend hair from environmental damage.

Protein-rich sources are Lean meat, pulses like whole moong dal, rajma, chickpeas (Kabuli channa/Bengal gram), soybeans, nuts, grains, fish, eggs, and dairy products.

  1. B-Vitamins: Vitamin-B is a main carrier of oxygen to the scalp promotes hair growth by preventing the strands to get brittle or freeze.

B-vitamin sources: Beans, whole grains i.e., barley, millet, brown rice, etc.; green peas, dark leafy vegetables, i.e., broccoli, spinach, etc.; cauliflower, soybean, bran, nuts, and eggs.

  1. Iron: Iron is the main source of carrying oxygen from RBC (red blood cells) to your cells. Anemia is an iron deficiency disease that is at play for causing hair loss in women.

Iron-rich sources are dark leafy green vegetables, black dates, black raisins, banana, apples, fish, poultry, lentils, white beans, cooked oysters, spinach.

  1. Vitamin-A: Vitamin-A is an essential factor for sebum secretion in the body cells, which is an oily secretion absorbed by skin and hair follicles to support the growth process. Deficiency of Vitamin-A leads to many health issues, including hair loss/hair fall.

Vitamin-A rich food sources are Carrots, Sweet Potatoes, dark green leafy vegetables, broccoli, Mangoes, Papaya, Apricots, Pumpkin, Cantaloupe, Pink Grapefruit.

  1. Zinc: Zinc is a major protein-binding agent that helps in the hair growth process and preventsfurther hair loss. It has a key role in the functioning of an oil gland (sebum protein) properly leads to strengthening the hair follicles and prevent them from dryness, dullness, and dandruff.

Zinc-rich sources: Sunflower seeds, peanuts, pine nuts, beef, lamb, pork and cereals with whole grains, dairy, legumes, poultry, shellfish, and seeds.

Dandruff

Dandruff is the most annoying condition of one’s scalp that has a key role in making hair dull, dry, freeze, and unhealthy. It is such a problem that doesn’t only ruins your hair, but also has an adverse effect on your scalp skin. With changing weather condition it gets alleviated and mostly in monsoon, it creates chaos for daily life due to humidity around with dry and freezy hair. If a person is affected by the dandruff problem always escaping from wearing dark color clothes, especially black and never allow anyone to touch his/her hair or scalp. It is annoying and breaks one’s confidence and self-esteem.

Here are 10 annoying things that can happen when someone experiencing dandruff problem as follows:

  1. Freezy& dry hair
  2. Hair fall
  3. Dry scalp
  4. Light yellow or white flakes of dead skin cells in the hair
  5. The Scalp may look scaly or red and feel itchy or raw
  6. Dandruff can be experienced at other body parts also, i.e., chest, eyebrows, eyelashes or ears
  7. It decreases self-confidence
  8. You avoid social sitting
  9. It leads to unhealthy scalp & hair
  10. You started avoiding monsoon fun.

What is Scalp Psoriasis?

Scalp psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder that makes the scalp itchy and dry by overproducing of skin cells very quickly. The immune system of the body sends faulty signals results in the growth of skin cells too quickly and develops reddish, raised, and scaly patches, which can pop as a single or several patches. The scalp psoriasis even affects the entire scalp, including, forehead, back of your neck, or behind and inside your ears.

The telltale of scalp psoriasis is white or light brown flakes of skin in your hair and wherever you touch your scalp falls on your clothes. It is devastating if you are with this issue as it needs regular medical attention to control the effect of psoriasis.

It mostly occurs at the scalp or head, but many body areas can be affected, which is nearby the scalp presents a medical challenge as it cannot be cured permanently even though the effect can be controlled by using the medications prescribed by your doctor/dermatologist.

The most common effect of scalp psoriasis at their severe stage is hair loss and psoriasis can be triggered by weather changes (cold or dry), stress, anxiety, depression, some conventional medications such as non-steroidal and non-inflammatory drugs or medications of anxiety and hypertension.

A scalp biopsy can be done to confirm the diagnosis of scalp psoriasis.

Hair loss or baldness is one of the major devastating conditions in men that causes a lack of confidence and personality. It is unacceptable and no one wants to lose his hair yet the condition is appeared results in affecting one’s self-esteem, it is because of its genetic or hereditary reason that cannot be altered. The DHT-sensitivity of hair roots are destined to lose and one cannot control it until the hair transplantation is done. However, hair restoration or transplantation is a permanent measure to get back your original hair and widely accepted in the cosmetic world by two most applicable methods are FUT and the FUE hair transplant.

Hair loss affects 20% of men at the age of 20 and 50% of the male are affected at age 50. However, there is no such an age bar and anyone can get affected by genetic/hereditary hair loss problem if anyone of their family members is affected by the same. For example, if your grandparents were affected by hair loss you are more susceptible to the same and you need to take precautions to control your future hair loss.

Hair loss is medically referred to as Androgenic alopecia where Androgenic stands for Androgen hormone, a male sex hormone that secretes Testosterone and DHT forms after a catalytic effect of Androgen with 5-alpha reductase. However, DHT produces in the body and overall areas of the body wherever hair growth experiences are sensitive towards it, except the back & sides (Occipital & parietal) part of the scalp causing the severe hair loss problem leads to pattern baldness.

One of the most common misconceptions is it cannot be treated permanently, but surgical options are there to facilitate the regrowth of natural hair on the affected areas by the transferring of hair roots done between donor and recipient areas. some of the non-surgical measures are also there to control future hair loss such as PRP or platelet-rich plasma therapy or mesotherapy.

Male Pattern baldness on the Norwood scale:

Male Pattern Baldness

Signs & Symptoms:

The most common symptoms of hair loss are as followed:

Receding hairline from top & frontal areas of the scalp

Bald patches on the crown and mid-crown areas of the scalp

Hair loss begins from forehead receives the M-pattern hair loss in men

Overall thinning of hair

Total baldness can be experienced if a patient is affected by Alopecia totalis, an autoimmune disorder.

About 80% of the male population is affected by genetic baldness and have a family history of it, which can be accelerated by many medical conditions as follows:

  • Anemia
  • Thyroid Disorder
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Use of certain medications
  • Stress and Anxiety
  • Certain hair treatments and hairstyles
  • Smoking

Following risks can accentuate baldness:

  • Age
  • Heavyweight loss
  • Family history of baldness, either maternal or paternal
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis
  • Metabolic disorders, i.e., hypertension & high cholesterol
  • Nutritional deficiency of proteins, vitamin-B12, Zinc, iron, Biotin, and folic acid

What to Expect in a Consultation?

Medical assessment:

It is mandatory to have an initial consultation with the cosmetic surgeon or dermatologist in order to assess the actual cause of your hair loss/baldness. At Allure Medspa we give proper time to our patients to analyze the condition with respect to cause of hair loss, prevention and feasible treatment, either surgical or non-surgical.

Scientific analysis:
The doctor conducts a scalp analysis with a video microscope that helps to magnify the hair and scalp up to 200 times. It identifies the extent of the problem enabling an accurate scientific treatment plan.

Treatment Plan:

Based on your extent of problem and need for treatment our expert and experienced doctors and dermatologist, who has done a fellowship course in Dermatology, including Trichology from Mumbai university develop a customized treatment plan based on one’s need and expectation. We follow an integrated approach combining cosmetic and therapy options, nutritional supplements, and aesthetic treatments to bring the best results to our patients.

Following are some tips for better haircare:

  • Use a wide-toothed comb for brushing so it doesn’t pull out your hair
  • Avoid harsh treatment done at the salon
  • Avoid taking medicines that could trigger hair loss
  • Protect the hair from harsh sunlight by covering the scalp while riding a bike or going out
  • Stop smoking as it may accelerate hair loss/baldness.

Are you experiencing a wider gap between the partition? Or you are noticing your ponytail getting more wrap? Are you finding more hair strands in the shower drain or while combing? If yes, it means you are suffering from hair loss and maybe susceptible to female pattern hair loss. The hereditary hair loss is more often seen in male, but female also gets affected and shows the pattern baldness are rated on the Ludwig scale.

Signs & Symptoms of Female Pattern Hair Loss:

  • Severe hair loss and excess hair droppings a telltale of the condition
  • Hair loss more than usual means more than 100 strands everyday
  • Overall hair thinning
  • Widening the gap between the partition or a Christmas-tree like pattern.

Female Pattern Baldness

Causes

  • Genetic
  • Age
  • Chronic illness or use of anti-depression medicines
  • Some specific parlor treatments that cause hair damaging, i.e., hair rebonding or strengthening, and coloring of hair at an early age
  • Underlying medical disorders like PCOD, thyroid disorder, anemia, and menopause.

 

Quick Facts about Female Pattern Baldness

Quick Facts about Female Pattern Baldness

Hair loss other than a genetic issue occurs with the case of autoimmune disorder such as Alopecia areata or spot baldness, Alopecia totalis, Seborrhoeic Dermatitis, & scalp psoriasis. The other types of hair loss include the stress or imbalance in the hair growth cycle, i.e., Anagen effluvium. Telogen effluvium occurs due to emotional stress leads to alter the hair growth cycle and hair loss presents. Some psychological disorders like Trichotillomania and psychogenic pseudo effluvium or imaginary hair loss also at play for causing hair loss. The cause of Cicatricial alopecia or scarring alopecia is poorly understood.

  1. Alopecia areata or Spot Baldness: This is an autoimmune disorder in which hair loss started in small round patches can be experienced anywhere on the body wherever hair growth is experienced. The patches appearsuddenly and may spread rapidly in a relatively short span of time.
  2. Scalp Psoriasis: This is an autoimmune disorder when the immune system of the body mistakenly attacks the hair follicles and psoriasis presents. It is a common disorder that makes raised, reddish, often scaly patches.
  3. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis: It is commonly known as dandruff. A scaly skin disorder, which is most common on the scalp skin affect 40% of the total world population. Scientific research proved that dandruff can alter the hair growth cycle and hence hair loss experienced.
  4. Trichotillomania: It is a psychological disorder in which the patient tends to pull out their own hair in response to emotional stress causes hair loss.
  5. Psychogenic pseudoeffluvium: some patients are manic with hair loss even though they have healthy scalp and hair is known psychogenic pseudoeffluvium or imaginary hair loss and can be a symptom of an underlying psychological disease.
  6. AnagenEffluvium: This is caused by the disturbance of the hair growth cycle in which loss of hair growth experienced at the Anagen stage, which is a growth phase known as Anagen effluvium.
  7. Telogen effluvium: It is stress-related hair loss that affects the hair growth cycle.It is mainly developed due to febrile disorder, mental stress, trauma, accidents, childbirth, thyroid disorder, vitamin & mineral deficiency, severe emotional stress & certain drugs. It is a temporary hair loss characterized by an abrupt onset of hair shedding usually seen several months after a stressful event. In the case of chronic telogen effluvium, it lasts for more than 6 months needs medical attention.

Disturbance of hair growth cycle or Triggering Agent for Telogen Effluvium Accelerated by the following reasons:

  1. Severe Stress: A prolonged period of severe stress or emotional trauma may occur, either by the accident, injury, burn or personal relationship issue that causes hair loss. It disturbs the overall hair growth cycle and a large number of hair follicles tend to enter into the telogen stage earlier than usual.
  2. Poor diet:It can be a cause if your daily diet is not incorporated with essential proteins, B-vitamins, zinc, and iron, which is necessary for hair growth.
  3. Sudden weight loss: Sudden weight loss or chronic calorie restriction can cause hair to shed. An example is Anorexia nervosa.
  4. Pregnancy & Childbirth: hormonal changes that occur 3-6 months after childbirth can cause hair to shed and this is called post-partum telogen effluvium.
  5. Menopause: hormonal change disturbs the hair growth cycle and thus telogen effluvium occurs cause hair follicles to shed.
  6. Certain Drugs: Certain drugs, including hypertension, chemotherapy, and antidepressants causes hair loss.
  7. Underlying health condition: Some chronic illnesses and autoimmune disorders cause hair loss because it disrupts the normal hair growth cycle and also affects the thyroid secretion in the body.
  8. Surgery: The type of surgery, the duration to stay at the hospital as well as the used medications and overall nutritional status affect the hair growth.
  9. Metal toxicity: Contact with toxic chemicals in metal causes hair loss.

Diagnosis

The scalp biopsy test is done to assess the problem that helps in addressing the issue with the feasible treatment plan, either, medicinal, therapy, or surgery.

Several tests can be performed to diagnose Telogen effluvium:

  • The diameter and length of the lost hair telltale the condition and may help a doctor to differentiate between this and alopecia.
  • A hair pull test is done to see how much hair comes spontaneously.
  • The wash test can be performed to see how much hair falls as the number is counted.
  • A blood test is useful to know the iron status and thyroid insufficiency in the body.

Telogen effluvium treatment depends on the triggering factor and its extent in the practice. Once the triggering factor is addressed it gets easy to plan the treatment action, either medicinally or therapy. The treatment normalizes the hair growth cycle results in regrowth of normal hair.

Treatment options include the following:

  • Addressing nutritional deficiencies through diet by incorporating the nutritional supplements enriched with Protein, B-vitamins, zinc, and iron.
  • Non-surgical hair replacement method custom tailor depending on your head parameter. Apart from surgical restoration is made from the finest human hair offers a natural hair replacement solution that is virtually undetectable to both sight & touch.
  • Hormone replacement therapy involves taking female hormones typically estrogen & progesterone together which can be taken in varying forms, including estrogen & progesterone pills and creams.
  • Counseling support to manage stress & anxiety an inevitable practice to sort out the problem and questions associated with hair loss.

For professional advice, the patient can consult with a dermatologist or hair loss doctor.

Natural regrowth of hair is possible by the surgical restoration or hair transplantation. The hair transplantation is the surgical removal of live hair grafts/roots from the donor areas, either by the FUT or FUE method followed by the graft dissection and finally implanted into the recipient balding areas. This is a permanent method to sort out the issue of pattern baldness for both men and women.

The FUT or Follicular Unit Transplantation/Strip Method:

This is a conventional method in which strip of the skin from the donor areas, i.e., the back & sides or occipital & parietal part of the scalp is excised via a longitudinal cut, which is further closed by the advanced closure method. The excised strip is sent to the dissection process where every graft is separated under higher magnification from its connective tissues and fat and then only transplanted into the recipient balding part of the scalp.

The FUE or Follicular Unit Extraction Hair Transplant:

This method involves individual hair graft extraction via manual or motorized punching machine followed by random extraction one-by-one from the safe donor areas. This is the latest method of hair transplantation that saves time and energy but gives the instant great results. The extracted grafts are implanted into the recipient balding areas likewise the strip method of the surgery.

The Non-surgical method or Therapy option to promote Hair Growth:

  • PRP or Platelet-rich Plasma

The PRP is an acronym of platelet-rich plasma emerged as an innovative modified of the hair growth process in which fresh blood is drawn from the patient’s body and after concentrating the same followed by centrifugal process at certain temperature, pressure, and speed is then injected into the hair loss areas of the scalp accelerates the hair growth. It helps in obtaining a high-platelet count of the blood that promotes hair growth.

  • Mesotherapy

Mesotherapy technique uses injections of vitamins, enzymes, hormones as well as the plant extract to enhance the hair growth process. The microinjecting small doses of the necessary medicines into the scalp skin promotes hair growth. The medicines used include Vasodilators for the improvement of distal circulation, and vitamin activators to encourage growth.