Are those heavy, puffy circles under your eyes bothering you even after a good night’s sleep? Dark circles can be triggered by a number of eyelid problems, so a thorough review is essential to decide how he can best assist you. Some treatments, such as injectable fillers, lasers, and peels, may require surgery, while others may require in-office procedures.
There are a number of contributing factors for dark circles. Some common causes of include:
Another common cause of dark circles under your eyes is natural ageing. Your skin gets thinner when you grow older. You also lose the fat and collagen needed to keep your skin supple. The dark blood vessels under your skin become more apparent as a result, darkening the region under your eyes.
The development of dark circles under your eyes is also influenced by your family background. It may be an inherited trait that shows up as early as childhood and can intensify or disappear as you get older. Dark circles under the eyes can also be caused by predispositions to other medical conditions, such as thyroid disease.
Dark circles can appear under your eyes as a result of oversleeping, intense exhaustion, or simply staying up a few hours past your usual bedtime. Sleep deprivation will make your skin look dull and pale, revealing dark tissues and blood vessels underneath the surface.
Sleep deprivation may also cause fluid to accumulate under your eyes, making them puffy. As a consequence, your dark circles may be shadows cast by your puffy eyelids.
Staring at a television or computer screen for long periods of time can put a lot of pressure on your eyes. Blood vessels around your eyes can expand as a result of this stress. The skin around your eyes can darken as a result. Myopia (refraction error – short sightedness) can also cause pressure on the eyes if not handled at the appropriate time.
Dark circles may be caused by allergic reactions and eye dryness. As a response to harmful bacteria, the body releases histamines when you have an allergic reaction. Histamines cause the blood vessels to dilate and become more noticeable under your skin, in addition to causing unpleasant symptoms like itchiness, redness, and puffy eyes.
Allergies will make you want to scratch and rub the itchy skin around your eyes. These acts can aggravate your symptoms by causing inflammation, swelling, and blood vessel breakage. Dark shadows can appear underneath your eyes as a result of this.
Dark circles under your eyes are often caused by dehydration. When your body is dehydrated, the skin under your eyes becomes dull and your eyes seem sunken. Because of their near proximity to the underlying bone, this is the case.
Excessive sun exposure will cause your body to produce too much melanin, the pigment that gives your skin colour. Too much sun, especially around your eyes, may darken pigmentation in the surrounding skin.
Smoking and Alcohol consumption.
Hollowing or volume loss along the lower eyelid region may cause dark circles. Because of the shadowing effect, the hollowing creates a concavity or “trough” that appears dark. Hyperpigmentation is usually treated by injecting a kind of dermal filler into the lid-cheek junction and the midface. Fillers can be synthetic, such as hyaluronic acid agents, or they can be obtained from the patients themselves by fat grafting from their abdomen.
Fluid build-up around the eyelids, eye bags, and dark circles are all symptoms of allergies. It is critical to recognise this because surgery, fillers, and other treatments will exacerbate the problem. Rosacea can cause dark circles and swelling around the cheeks and midface region.
To be honest, even though you’ve spent your entire life meticulously caring for your skin, we’re all going to show signs of ageing at some point – and that includes under-eye bags and dark circles.
Veins will eventually start to show through the thin skin around your eyes, regardless of what kind of skin you have or what good habits you uphold. Since we already know that exposure to the sun accelerates the breakdown of collagen, developing controlled and regular sunblock application patterns from a young age is your strongest weapon against under-eye circles.
The best habits, however, can’t change your genes! Genetics are the biggest determinant of what kind of skin we will have and what we’ll look like as we age. Those of us that have inherited fair or thin skin tend to show under circles more easily than others due to the fact that when our blood pools in the capillaries under our eyes, it’s simply more obvious through lighter skin.
Unfortunately, when more blood collects there, the fragile capillaries expand and strain under the strain, resulting in more leaking and blood pooling – and eventually, even deeper under-eye circles.
Others, though, have dark under eye circles and bags that aren’t affected by age, sun exposure, or genetics. It’s also just a case of allergies. Year-round allergies, such as those to dust or mould, as well as seasonal allergies, which many of us encounter in the spring, cause histamines to be released, causing an inflammatory reaction. Our blood vessels, like those under our eyes, become inflamed and swell as a result.
The diagnosis of periorbital hyperpigmentation was made clinically, and the patients were categorised according to Ranu et al classification’s
Grading of POH was done in comparison to surrounding skin as follows:
0 – skin colour comparable to other facial skin areas,
1 – Faint pigmentation of infraorbital fold,
2 – Pigmentation more pronounced,
3 – Deep dark colour, all four lids involved,
4 – Grade 3+ pigmentation spreading beyond infraorbital fold.
Detailed background information, as well as Blood tests are recommended after examining the skin around the eyes with a skin scope to determine if the pigmentation is superficial or deep.
To decide whether pigmentation is epidermal or dermal, a Skin Scope examination may be performed. If there isn’t any pigmentation, it’s because of dermal pigmentation or vascularity. If there is a pigment accentuation, that is because of superficial pigmentation. The eyelid stretch test was performed, and if the dark circles improved, it was determined that skin laxity was the cause. If dark circles get darker, it’s because of increased subdermal vascularity.
If the dark circles don’t go down, it’s probably due to epidermal and/or dermal pigmentation. Due to the shadow effect, direct lighting was used to distinguish the dark circles.
Complete blood count, for example, to rule out anaemia, IgE levels if there is a history of allergy, serum TSH for thyroid disorders if signs are present or if there is a family history of thyroid disorders, SGPT, serum cholesterol, and spontaneous blood sugar.
Individuals who are in reasonably good health and have a reasonable expectation of what the operation can do are the ideal candidates for dark circle therapy. Those with excess fat pockets and/or volume loss in the infraorbital rim may benefit from surgery or in-office procedures. The majority of patients will benefit from any form of treatment (whether surgery or non-surgery).
At your consultation, will perform an eyelid and facial examination and then discuss options based on your individualized findings. Dark circles or under eye bags can be caused by several factors and each one has different ways for correction. Dr. Shweta will discuss your diagnosis and treatment options during your consultation.
Experiment with the following routines to see which one best fits your needs. When trying out a new routine, remember to be patient and consistent. For 4 to 6 weeks, do the routine every day. If you really don’t see the results you expect after that period, try the next practice to see if it works better for minimizing dark under eye bags and circles.
The root cause of dark eye circles determines how to treat them. There are, however, several home remedies that can aid in the management of this disease. The following are some of the more popular methods:
Based on the underlying cause, we will decide the best treatment option. It is important for the patient to realise that each treatment is tailored to a particular cause, depending on the treatment recommended.
After the treatment, avoid exposure to the sun or contaminants that may damage your skin.
Some prescription therapies to minimise the presence of dark circles are available for a more reliable and long-term solution. The following are some of the more popular methods:
Before deciding on any cosmetic procedure, discuss your options with a doctor. Invasive medical treatments can be expensive, painful, and often require a long recovery time.
Mild peels like glycolic peels are done every week for around 12-15 sessions, which helps in reduction of the under eye pigmentation.
Strong peels like retinol peel and cosmelan peel can also be done depending on the severity of the pigmentation.
Exfoliates the top layer of the skin, promoting the growth of new cells. When hyperpigmentation is the cause of dark circles, chemical peels and microdermabrasion are especially successful.
Electroporation is a procedure that uses a mild current to improve the penetration of a drug, cream, or even moisturiser added to the skin.
The Pico laser will help you look younger by growing the appearance of dark circles and making your skin look younger. Overproduction of the pigment melanin causes some under-eye circles. The Pico laser reduces the appearance of melanin by using gentle pressure waves that do not damage the surrounding tissue. Collagen and elastin, which are responsible for skin elasticity and suppleness, are both stimulated by the drug.
Under eye concealer tattooing is similar to other permanent makeup procedures in that the ink is injected into the skin with the aid of a cosmetic tattoo gun. The pigment sits one layer under the skin, acting as a barrier between the underlying source of darkness and the skin’s surface.A particular form of pigment is used in medical tattooing procedures. These pigments are completely non-irritating and non-toxic. The ink remains in the dermal skin layer until it is injected.
Fillers inserted into the lower lids will definitely help with volume loss and dark circles associated with ageing. Fillers can also aid in the reduction of hyperpigmentation which is often associated with dark circles.
Fillers are injected into the lower lids in the clinic with the aid of a topical anaesthetic cream. The operation can be completed in as little as 30 minutes, and patients are normally able to return home without any complications. Swelling normally begins the evening or the next day, and in most cases, the majority of the swelling and bleeding, if any, subsides within a few days.
Fat grafting is another minimally invasive way to rejuvenate the under-eye region. The patient’s fat is harvested in small amounts, usually around the flanks or hips. After that, the fat is extracted and injected into the under-eye region. A fat graft’s effects last longer than injectable dermal fillers.
The Madonna Lift is an eyelift procedure that improves dark circles by using fractional laser resurfacing. Fractional lasers remove microscopic portions of old skin fibres, allowing the body to regenerate new, healthier tissue. This treatment also increases collagen development, making the skin smoother and firmer.
The Madonna Lift can be used to treat wrinkles and loose skin around the eyes, among other beauty issues.
PRP therapy, also known as Platelet Rich Plasma therapy, is a non-surgical, natural treatment for under-eye circles. The doctor would take the patient’s blood and isolate the platelet-rich plasma, which includes a growth factor that promotes skin regeneration and repair, during the PRP procedure. These activities will improve skin quality and lead to a reduction in visible signs of ageing.
The regenerative serum is injected into the problem areas, such as under the eyes in the case of PRP for dark circles care. This will aid in tissue regeneration and repair.
Like lasers, IPL uses light to rejuvenate skin and eliminate dark circles; however, instead of destroying the outer layer of skin, it seals off any capillaries or veins under the skin surface, allowing them to disappear. To see measurable results, you’ll need many procedures.
Eyelid surgery, also known as blepharoplasty, is a long-term treatment for dark circles and sagging under the eyes. Excess skin and fat under the eyes are removed or repositioned during the operation. The fatty tissue is redistributed to prevent the eyes from appearing empty. The end result is a young, smooth look. The scar is totally concealed since the incision is made around the inside of the eyelid.
Surgical implants made up from silicone are often inserted in the hollow space under the eye/upper cheek to correct tear trough deformity which eliminates dark circles also. It is placed over the bone by making a single incision on the outside of eyelid. There is no visible scarring and results are permanent. This procedure can be clubbed with other facial surgeries like facelift, eyelid surgery etc.
Patients with thin skin who also have volume loss or excess fat pockets may benefit from a combination of treatments. Because of the thin skin, the underlying blood vessels around the fat pockets may become transparent, ‘darkening’ the skin. In such cases, a combination of procedures, such as injectable fillers combined with a chemical peel to enhance hollowing, or blepharoplasty surgery combined with a chemical peel to extract excess fat pockets, may be recommended. Chemical peels can help tighten the skin on the lower lids and promote collagen production. Chemical peels are effective in patients who have mild skin pigment changes or light wrinkles as a result of normal ageing.
Since each person is unique, each treatment will come with its own set of after-care instructions. In general avoid going out in sun and use sunscreen all the time.
We at Allure Med spa in India, have world-class facilities in place to cater to your every need when it comes to cosmetic treatment. Here we have dedicated to the best results and the best medical centre for skincare treatment in India. If you have decided upon undergoing dark circle treatment in India, Allure Medspa is an excellent choice for you.
To learn more about dark circle treatment and find out if it’s right for you, call our clinic AllureMedspa in Mumbai, India, to schedule a consultation with Dr. Shweta.
Allure Medspa is a NABH and ISO certified hospital with the high levels of safety standards.
Or you can book an appointment using the online system.
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