AllureMedSpa > Pigmentation Treatment
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Advance Hyper and Hypo Pigmentation Treatment in Andheri West, Mumbai, India

Are dark patches on your skin worrying you?

Is your confidence getting affected by these dark spots?

Hyperpigmentation could be one of the reasons for these dark patches to appear. Pigmentation varies widely over the world, particularly among Asian and Indian people, as they are more vulnerable to pigmentation problems than other human groups.

It is a skin disorder that is usually harmless but medical attention may be required if it’s affecting your self-esteem.

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a frequent, usually harmless disorder in which patches of skin darken in color in comparison to the surrounding skin. When an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that gives skin its color, develops deposits in the skin, it darkens.

When pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) are harmed, more melanin is produced, which clumps together. Dark patches or hyperpigmentation are caused by melanin clusters on the face, neck, and around the lips, or on other regions of the skin. It can affect people of all ages and skin types.

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Hyper Pigmentation and Hypo Pigmentation

The color of your skin is affected by skin pigmentation disorders. Melanin is a pigment that gives your skin its color. Melanin production is affected when these melanin-producing cells become damaged or diseased.

Your skin will darken if your body produces too much melanin (hyperpigmentation). Pregnancy, Addison's illness, and excessive sun exposure can all darken your skin.

Your skin will become lighter if your body produces too little melanin (hypopigmentation). Vitiligo is a skin disorder that generates bright spots. Albinism is a skin disorder caused by a hereditary mutation. A person with albinism may have no color, skin that is lighter than usual, or skin that is uneven and absent. Lighter skin can also be caused by infections, blisters, and burns.

How Pigmentation Occurs?

Pigmentation occurs through a complex process known as Melanogenesis which is responsible for producing the pigment in melanosomes by melanocytes.

Melanocytes oxidize tyrosine (a protein present in the skin) in the presence of certain enzymes to produce melanin.  Melanin is distributed into the surrounding keratinocytes after maturation. Keratinocytes are present in the outermost layer of skin and are responsible for producing keratin. This keratin is responsible for making the outermost layer of skin that protects us from microbes, UV radiation; and minimizes heat, solute, and water loss.

The color of the skin is not determined by the number of melanin-producing cells that are present. This number remains relatively constant in a given skin site, regardless of skin color.

The extent of pigmentation depends upon the amount of melanin, their quality, and the relative composition of eumelanin (brown/black pigment) and pheomelanin (yellow-reddish pigment) inside keratinocytes, as well as the mode of transfer and processing of melanosomes inside the keratinocytes.

What are the Causes of Hyperpigmentation?

A common cause of hyperpigmentation is an excess production of melanin.  Several different conditions or factors can alter the production of melanin in your body like:

  • Medications: Hyperpigmentation is a side effect of some drugs. As a side effect, some chemotherapy medications like antimalarial medicines and tricyclic antidepressants can produce hyperpigmentation.
  • Pregnancy: In pregnancy, hormones like estrogen and progesterone are high in the blood. These hormones stimulate high melanin production which can lead to hyperpigmentation in some women.
  • Addison's disease: It is a rare endocrine condition that causes hyperpigmentation in areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, and hands, as well as areas exposed to friction, such as the elbows and knees. It is caused by the stimulant effect of excess adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) on the melanocytes to produce melanin.
  • Excessive sun exposure: Sun exposure is the leading cause of hyperpigmentation because it is sunlight that initiates the formation of melanin. Melanin protects your skin from damaging rays by acting as a natural sunscreen, which is why people tan in the sun.
  • Skin inflammation: Inflammation (such as after acne, eczema, lichen planus, or allergic responses) or trauma to the skin (such as surgery, improper microdermabrasion, lasers, or chemical peels) causes inflammatory cells to release more pigment-producing melanocytes (pigment cells).

What are the Types of Hyperpigmentation?

It is important that you understand the different forms of hyperpigmentation before we dive into the treatments for each of them.

Age spots:

Also known as liver spots or solar lentigines, occur as brown, tan, or black spots that appear on the face and hands, or on sun-exposed areas of the body. When the skin is exposed to the harmful UVA and UVB rays, it triggers melanocytes to produce more melanin as a defense mechanism. High levels of melanin leave discolored patches on the skin. Age spots usually appear on older adults or after extended sun exposure.

Melasma:

Also called chloasma or “the mask of pregnancy”, looks like large patches of darkened skin. They occur because the hormonal changes trigger melanin production. They are most likely to appear on the forehead, face, and stomach in women, people who are pregnant or taking birth control pills, and people with darker skin. If the color bothers you, you should stop using your birth control pills.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)

These are spots or patches of darkened skin that appear after an inflammatory skin condition, such as acne or eczema. They usually appear on the face or neck of people who have had inflammation or an injury to the skin.

Skin injury

Certain skin injuries like from some surgery could result in a dark spot as a part of the healing process.

Genetic reasons

Your genetic makeup is responsible for determining everything about you, including your pigmentation patterns. For example, some people develop a type of dark spot known as freckles, which are small brown spots that can appear anywhere on the body but are most common on the face and arms. Freckles are an inherited characteristic.

Other Similar Conditions to Hyperpigmentation

There are other conditions as well that could result in the darkening of the skin. These are:

Acanthosis Nigricans:  Acanthosis nigricans is a skin disorder that causes dark, velvety darkening in the folds and wrinkles of the body. The affected skin gets thickened. It usually affects the armpits, crotch, and neck. It is more common in obese or diabetic persons, which is often considered as a cause of Acanthosis Nigricans.

It is usually harmless and sometimes could need special medical attention. Acanthosis nigricans treatment does not have a specific regime. Treatment of underlying problems may help damaged patches of skin regain some of their usual color and texture.

Macular Amyloidosis: It is the mildest form of cutaneous amyloidosis, characterized by brownish macules that form a rippling pattern and are found mostly on the trunk and extremities. In this a proteinaceous material — amyloid — is deposited in the skin, causing hyperpigmented patches.

It is also often harmless but in some patients, it could result in itching and scratching. There is no specific medical treatment for macular amyloidosis. If required topical medications are given to relieve the itching.

How to Diagnose Hyperpigmentation?

A professional, well-qualified and experienced dermatologist can identify hyperpigmentation through a physical examination. Your dermatologist may suggest a biopsy, in some cases, to determine the kind and severity of hyperpigmentation.

To rule out other skin pigment diseases such as vitiligo, a Wood's light examination is performed. The process is done in a dark environment and involves the use of light to brighten specific regions of your skin.

How to Prevent Hyperpigmentation?

It’s not always possible to prevent hyperpigmentation. However, you can protect yourself by:

  • Use sunscreen: The most effective way to prevent hyperpigmentation is to use sunscreen as it prevents your skin from further damage. Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen and apply it for at least 20 minutes before going outside.
  • Cover your skin: Try to avoid sunlight as much as possible but when you have to go outside, use hats, sunglasses, stoles, and protective clothes to shield your skin from further damage by the sun's rays.
  • Be mindful of your skin-care routine. Keeping your skin moist and clean helps in the regeneration and healing of the damaged skin cells. Use a gentle exfoliating cleanser that contains salicylic acid (beta hydroxy acid). Use an excellent moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated and prevent acne from getting worse.
  • Avoid certain medications and birth pills to improve hyperpigmentation caused by their side effects.

How to Treat Hyperpigmentation?

It takes a long time to get rid of hyperpigmentation. Dark spots, especially acne scars, can be difficult to remove and might even worsen if you don't use SPF (more on that below). However, regular application of topical creams or in-office treatments can gradually fade your dark areas away. Read below to know more.

Home Remedies:

If a person wants to attempt a new therapy or natural remedy, they should first test it on a small patch of skin and cease using it if the skin becomes irritated. Hyperpigmentation can be reduced by using natural remedies such as these:

  • Aloe vera: Aloesin, a natural depigmenting substance found in aloe vera, works by preventing melanin formation in the skin. Melasma in pregnant women may be relieved by using aloe vera capsules.
  • Licorice: Licorice extract called glabridin can have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and skin-whitening effects which can lighten hyperpigmentation.
  • Green tea: Green tea has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which have the potential of treating
  • Apple cider vinegar: Research shows that apple cider vinegar might lighten the dark spots as it contains acetic acid.
  • Red onion: Research has found that the dried skin of red onions can effectively lighten skin.
  • Black tea water: The black tea water when applied twice a day, six days a week for four weeks, proved to lighten dark spots to some extent.
  • Milk: Milk, buttermilk, and even sour milk have all been shown to effectively lighten skin discoloration. Lactic acid is the ingredient responsible for this effect.
  • Tomato paste: Tomato paste rich in lycopene protects the skin against short-term and long-term aspects of photodamage.

Topical Creams

The first line of treatment for hyperpigmentation is using topical creams. Use creams or serums consistently, and expect significant effects only after weeks or months of use.

  • Hydroquinone: Hydroquinone is a skin-lightening agent that functions by reducing the amount of melanin in the skin. 
  • Azelaic Acid: Azelaic acid treats pigmentation after inflammation. It also works as a gentle exfoliating agent.
  • Corticosteroids: Known to lighten pigmentation but judicial use is very important.
  • Mandelic acid: Almonds contain a kind of alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) called mandelic acid. It's frequently used in anti-aging treatments for wrinkles and uneven skin tone in combination with other substances. Inflammatory acne can also be treated with this acid.
  • Niacinamide: Niacinamide is a niacin-based substance (vitamin B-3). Because of its propensity to aid in water retention, it's widely found in wrinkle creams and other anti-aging products. It can also help you produce more collagen.
  • Kojic Acid: Kojic acid is a fungus-derived natural skin lightening agent. It prevents the synthesis of tyrosine, an amino acid necessary for melanin formation.
  • Retinoids: Vitamin A derivatives are referred to as retinoids. Retinol and tretinoin are the two most popular types of retinoids. They're a wonderful ingredient in skincare, with remarkable anti-aging and skin-lightening properties.
  • Vitamin C: Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a potent antioxidant that helps to prevent sun-induced hyperpigmentation. It works by blocking the enzyme tyrosinase, which is responsible for the formation of melanin.

Cosmetic Procedures

These are usually performed by a certified dermatologist in their office and require professional equipment. Some of your options are:

  • Intense pulsed light (IPL) also known as photo facials are done at a dermatologist's office or a medical spa. Rapid and powerful bursts of light penetrate the skin, breaking down the melanin. Tiny melanin fragments rise to the surface of the skin.
  • Chemical Peels: Chemical peeling is the controlled exfoliating of the skin with a chemical agent. It removes the top layers of the skin with chemicals like glycolic acid (alpha hydroxy acid) or lactic acid. This removes dark areas or hyperpigmented skin, allowing new skin cells to force their way to the surface.
  • Laser Therapy: Consider a laser resurfacing treatment if your hyperpigmentation is severe. To eliminate the epidermal layers of the skin, light beams are directed at it. Seek medical guidance to determine whether your skin is suitable for this type of laser therapy.
  • Microdermabrasion: Microdermabrasion is a dermatological procedure that involves the use of hand-held equipment and an abrasive. When this machine is rolled over the skin, it eliminates the top layer of the skin as well as the pigmentation that is related to For the best outcome, the procedure is done in numerous sittings.
  • Cryotherapy: This procedure freezes the scar tissue, causing it to die and fall off over time. A series of cryotherapy sessions and corticosteroid injections are often used to boost the outcomes. The key disadvantage is that cryotherapy will result in the formation of permanent light spots on the treated skin. However, cryosurgery is not recommended for people of color.
  • Micro-needling- also known as collagen inducing therapy, is a method that involves using thin sterile needles to create hundreds of very thin holes on the skin by using the micro pen machine (Dermaroller). As the skin heals, it allows the cells to produce more collagen and elastin, thus regenerating the skin.

Why you should Consult a Dermatologist?

Your dermatologist can assist you in determining the cause of your hyperpigmentation and developing a treatment plan that is right for you. That one visit could make a significant difference in your quality of life for years to come.

If you and your dermatologist agree that procedure is the best choice for you, your dermatologist will devise a tailor-made treatment plan exclusively for you. Your dermatologist will consider a variety of factors when developing this plan, including hyperpigmentation cause, location, etc. If you have taken any kind of previous treatment for hyperpigmentation, be sure to tell your dermatologist about that before the treatment begins.

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Why Should You Choose Dr. Shweta?

If you are wondering which treatment works best for your pigmentation problems, a dermatologist can assist you in making that decision as their in-depth medical knowledge could help in determining which procedure would give promising results. With all procedures, side effects are possible. In the skilled hands of a board-certified dermatologist, side effects tend to be minor and temporary.

Dr. Shweta is one of the most renowned names in cosmetic treatment in Mumbai serving thousands & thousands of patients happily, including Bollywood celebrities and many patients from out of the country. Treating hyperpigmentation requires deep medical knowledge and years of experience as these lesions look similar to lots of other conditions. Dr. Shewta’s credentials are your best option for getting a correct diagnosis followed by a customized treatment plan.

As you have read, there are lots of options for the treatment of hyperpigmentation disorders. Different faces need a different set of options and only a well-seasoned doctor could identify what set of treatment could work for you. She has expertise in solving the issue of skin, especially the pigmentation problem, that needs cosmetic attention. She has extensive experience and expertise in performing cosmetic procedures like laser therapy, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, CO2 laser, and many more with delivering optimum results with 110% patient satisfaction every single time.

Why Allure Medspa in Andheri West, Mumbai for all skin solutions?

We at Allure Medspa in India, have world-class facilities in place to cater to your every need when it comes to cosmetic treatment. Here we have dedicated ourselves to the best results. If you have decided upon undergoing stretch mark treatment, here we have a wide range of procedures including surgical treatments for stretch marks under one roof to cater to all your needs.

To learn more about pigmentation treatment and find out if it’s right for you, call or whatsapp our clinic at +91-98690 41559

Today, we are here with virtual consultation even in this quarantine: 

https://www.alluremedspa.in/virtual-consultations.html  

FAQs of Hyperpigmentation Treatment

Q: What is hyperpigmentation on face?

A: Hyperpigmentation is a medical term for darker spots on the skin. Excess melanin production, which can be caused by everything from acne scars to sun damage to hormone swings, causes these spots.

Q: What causes hyperpigmentation on face?

A: Sun exposure (The body produces more melanin to protect the skin from prolonged exposure to the sun), skin inflammation (Areas of skin can darken after people have had inflammation of the skin), Melasma, reactions to drug use and certain medical conditions can cause hyperpigmentation.

Q: Why pigmentation comes to face?

A:Pigmentation happens when certain things like sunlight, hormones or drugs triggers the formation of extra pigment forming hormone, known as melanin. This results in uneven dark spots on your face.

Q: What does hyperpigmentation look like?

A:Hyperpigmentation causes flat, darkened patches of skin to appear on the skin, which can vary in size and colour. Hyperpigmentation shows on the skin as darkening patches or spots that make the skin appear uneven.

Q: How to get rid of hyperpigmentation?

A: Treatments including substances like vitamin C, licorice root, and kojic acid can diminish hyperpigmentation by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme responsible for the creation of skin-darkening melanin.

Q: What is the fastest way to get rid of hyperpigmentation?

A:In this instance, dermatological procedures will be the most efficient technique to eliminate hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels, laser therapy, microdermabrasion, and dermabrasion are all techniques for removing hyperpigmentation from the skin.

Q: How to prevent pigmentation?

A:Avoid direct sunlight. Cover your body when going out. Shade your face and scalp with a wide-brimmed hat. Apply high SPF sunscreen. Limit touching your skin.

Q: Why do I get hyperpigmentation so easily?

A: Sun exposure and inflammation are the two largest risk factors for general hyperpigmentation, as both can boost melanin production. The more time you spend in the sun, the more likely you are to develop skin pigmentation.

Q: Does vitamin C help with hyperpigmentation?

A: Vitamin C can support in the healing of blemishes, the reduction of hyperpigmentation, and in the glowing of the skin. For optimal effect, include it into your routine in a way that makes sense for you.

Q: Is hyperpigmentation permanent?

A: Hyperpigmentation is usually not permanent, but it can take several months for it to improve.If left untreated, hyperpigmentation takes on a blue-grey look and can either be permanent or fade with time.

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