What are the steps of an eyelid surgery procedure?
An eyelid surgery procedure follows the following step:
Consultation: The first step is visiting the surgeon for consultation. You will need every information to make an informed choice. During your eyelid surgery consultation be prepared to discuss:
• About your aim from the surgery
• If you are taking any medicines or any drugs
• Your medical conditions, drug allergies, previous medical treatments and specifically any issues you have had with your eyes
• Current prescription medications, including vitamins, herbal supplements, alcohol, tobacco and drug use
• If you underwent any previous surgery
Your plastic surgeon will also:
• Assess your overall health condition and will discuss about any health risk.
• Click photographs
• Discuss your eyelid surgery options
• Recommend a course of treatment
• Will have a discussion on the potential risk and the final outcome of the surgery
• Discuss the type of anesthesia that will be used
Be prepared to ask any kind of questions that might be bothering you. It is natural to feel anxious in the course of the surgery. Don’t be shy to discuss about your feelings. You will be asked to sign consent forms to ensure that you fully understand the procedure and any risks and potential complications.
How should I prepare for eyelid surgery?
In preparing for eyelid surgery, you may be asked to:
• Get lab testing or a medical evaluation
• Take certain medications or adjust your current medications
• Avoid smoking as it could deter the healing process
• Avoid taking aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements as they can harm you and increase bleeding and bruising
Step 1 – Anesthesia
For most of your comfort, medications are administered. The choice for the intravenous sedation or general anesthesia will be recommended by the surgeon keeping your best interest in mind.
Step 2 – The incision
The incision lines for eyelid surgery are made in such discreet areas that it is naturally concealed within the natural structures of the eyelid region.The upper eyelid can be corrected through an incision within the natural crease on the eyelid. This allows for removal or repositioning of fat deposits, tightening of muscles and removal of excess skin.
To correct the lower eyelid area, incision is made just below the lower lash line. Through this incision, the excess skin apparent in the lower eyelid is removed. Again, the excess fat can be relocated or removed.
An option of transcontinental incision, which is created on the inside of the lower eyelid, is an alternate technique to correct lower eyelid conditions and reorder or remove excess fat. No skin is removed through this technique.
Use of laser for skin cutting, fat removal and tissue tightening during surgery reduces post-operative oedema, bruise and discomfort. It enhances the recovery.
Step 3 – Closing the incisions
The incisions are closed after the surgery with sutures or skin glue. The sutures are thus removed after a week. In some cases, the surgeon will suggest laser or chemical peel to reduce the discoloration of lower eyelids.
Step 4 – See the results
The results will take a week or so to be visible. Like any other surgery, there will be slight swelling and bruising which will subside in a week after the application of the medicine provided by the surgeon. Once the swelling subsides, you will get better defined eye with better vision that has been bothering you for long.